Modern astronomy was begun by astrologers
The sky is the most mysterious part of our everyday experience. Familiarity may make the amazing events going on at ground level seem almost ordinary. Plants and animals grow and die, rain falls, rivers flow.
We feel we understand that. But the sky is beyond comprehension.
The Birth of Modern Astronomy
Two great objects travel through it, one hot and constant, the other cold and changeable. In the daytime it is moody; there may be blazing sun, or racing clouds, or darkness followed by thunder and lightning. And yet on a clear night the sky is the very opposite - predictable, if you look hard enough, with recognizable groups of stars moving in a slow but reliable manner.
Man's interest in the sky is at the heart of three separate stories - astronomy, astrology and the calendar.
Space and Sanity: Astrology
Astronomy is the scientific study of sun, moon and stars. Astrology is a pseudo-science interpreting the supposed effect of the heavenly bodies on human existence. In early history the two are closely linked. The sky is the home of many of the gods, who influence life on earth. And the patterns in the sky must surely reflect that influence. Mesopotamia and the Babylonians: from BC. Galileo is most widely known for defending the idea several years after Kepler had already calculated the path of planets, and Galileo wound up under house arrest at the end of his lifetime because of it.
Italian astronomer Giovanni Cassini — measured how long it took the planets Jupiter and Mars to rotate. He also discovered four moons of Saturn and the gap in the planet's rings. Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens — proposed the earliest theory about the nature of light, a phenomenon that puzzled scientists for hundreds of years. His improvements on the telescope allowed him to make the first observations of Saturn's rings and to discover its moon, Titan.
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English astronomer Sir Isaac Newton — is most famous for his work on forces, specifically gravity. Building on the work of those who had gone before him — he is quoted as saying, "If I have seen further, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants" — he calculated three laws describing the motion of forces between objects, known today as Newton's laws. Edmond Halley — was the British scientist who reviewed historical comet sightings and proposed that the comet that had appeared in , , , and were all the same, and would return in Although he died before its return, he was proven correct, and the comet was named in his honor.
French astronomer Charles Messier — composed a database of objects known at the time as "nebulae," which included objects at its final publication, though additional objects were added based on his personal notes. Many of these objects are often listed with their catalog name, such as the Andromeda Galaxy, known as M Messier also discovered 13 comets over the course of his lifetime.
Famous Astronomers | List of Great Scientists in Astronomy
British astronomer William Herschel — cataloged over 2, deep sky objects. He also discovered Uranus and its two brightest moons, two of Saturn's moons, and the Martian ice caps. William trained his sister, Caroline Herschel — , in astronomy, and she became the first woman to discover a comet, identifying several over the course of her lifetime. Henrietta Swann Leavitt — was one of several women working as a human "computer" at Harvard College, identifying images of variable stars on photographic plates. She discovered that the brightness of a special flashing star known as a Cepheid variable was related to how often it pulsed.
This relationship allowed astronomers to calculate the distances of stars and galaxies, the size of the Milky Way, and the expansion of the universe.
Is It Time For Us To Take Astrology Seriously?
In the early 20th century, German physicist Albert Einstein — became one of the most famous scientists ever after proposing a new way of looking at the universe that went beyond current understanding. Einstein suggested that the laws of physics are the same throughout the universe, that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant, and that space and time are linked in an entity known as space-time, which is distorted by gravity.
In a lecture given in , fellow scientist Robert Oppenheimer said, "Einstein was a physicist, a natural philosopher, the greatest of our time. At the same time Einstein was expanding man's view of the universe, American astronomer Edwin Hubble — calculated that a small blob in the sky existed outside of the Milky Way.
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American Federation of Astrologers. Association for Astrological Networking. International Society for Astrological Research. National Council for Geocosmic Research.
Organization for Professional Astrology. She was arguably the most famous American astrologer in the early part of the 20th century, with an impressive clientele, a radio show, and several Successful Astrology Study Replicated Sophisticated computer software programs with the potential to guide individuals towards more harmonious romantic relationships and marriages may not be as far into the future as it seems. Or unfold Who Really Needs an Astrologer?
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